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Maithon, be a census city in Dhanbad district within the Indian state of Jharkhand. It’s placed on the banks of river Barakar.The name has been derived from Maithan or Mai-Ka-Than (Hindi) or Ma-Er-Than (Bengali), the "than" being associate apa-bhransha or an area pronunciation of Sanskrit/Bengali "Sthan" for "place". The place of Mai or Ma or mother, refers to Goddess Hindu deity or Ma Kalyaneswari of the known Kalyaneswari temple nearby.
In 1942, throughout the course of war II, a flood occurred within the Damodar natural depression region that cut Kolkata (Calcutta that time) remained cut off from the country for a period of ten weeks. Soon the govt. sprang into action & referred to as Mr. W.L.Voord, an engineer of Tennessee natural depression Authority (TVA). He designed the setup of the dams by 1945. Finally the primary dam of independent Indian nation came at July seven, 1953 at Tilaiya. Soon Konar, Maithon & Panchet Dam followed in its footsteps in 1955, 1957 and 1959 severally.
Maithon Hydel station (MHPS) is found on the river Barakar 12.9 kilometer higher than its confluence with the Damodar close to the border of Dhanbad & Burdwan districts of the states of Jharkhand & West Bengal severally. The distinctive feature of this can be that it's situated underground within the neighbourhood of the river and is that the 1st of its kind in India. The ability station contains a total generating capability of sixty MW with three units of twenty MW every. MHPS is found at nearly one thousand feet below the water level,and is that the 1st of its kind, in South East Asia. The Maithon Hydal Power Station staff colony and reservoir is located in the state of Jharkhand whereas hydal is located in Burdwan district of West Bengal. The lake is spread over 65 square kilometres (25 sq mi).
Maithon Dam is not far from Asansol and decent accommodation is available on the way to Mithon in the form of hotels and resorts. There are no hotels or resorts on this dam other than the forest bungalow run by West Bengal Forest department. It is not easy to get an accommodation in the forest bungalow.
Maithon Dam, located in the border of West Bengal and Jharkhand is a place you would like to visit for its scenic beauties. One side of the Dam is located in the State of West Bengal and the other side on Jharkhand. The Damodar or Barakar River passes through this hilly region like a snake. The green hills, blue water makes the place real lovely and mysterious.
You can take the following trains from Howrah and reach Asansol station. You have to hire trekker or private taxi to reach Maithon. Train lovers can reach up to Mugma station by boarding a local train from Asansol – 7 local trains are available during the day. Hired taxi or Trekker can take you to your destination. Maithon is around 9 KM from Mugma Railway Station.